Inference: An International Conference at the University of Leipzig
June 27-29, 2022

In the last decade the nature of inference has become the topic of a wide-ranging debate involving philosophers of logic, philosophers of mind and epistemologists. Two major issues around which the debate revolves are the question how mental acts can be the bearers of logical justification and the question whether a naturalistic approach would be capable of providing a proper account of inference. The contributors to the conference aim to shed new light on these and related issues from a variety of methodological perspectives.

The conference is organized by Gilad Nir (Potsdam/Leipzig) and Eric Marcus (Auburn). It is funded by a generous grant from the DFG and supported by the Humboldt Professorship for Theoretical Philosophy, University of Leipzig.

The conference will be held in-person at Vortragssaal der Bibliotheca Albertina, Beethoven Str. 6.
If you would like to attend the conference, please email us at: gilad.nir [at]


June 27th

9:00-9:15 Opening Remarks

9:15-11:00 Eric Marcus (Auburn): “Self-Consciousness as the Space of Reasons”
Moderator: Ryan Simonelli (Chicago)

11:15-13:00 Antonia Peacocke (Stanford): “Inference as a Complex Mental Action”
Moderator: Christian Kietzmann (FAU)

14:30-16:15 James Shaw (Pittsburgh): “Inference: Closing Deliberation though Constrained Cognition”
Moderator: Vanessa Carr (LMU)

16:45-18:30 Jonas Held (Leipzig): “Inference, Predication and the Force/Content-Distinction”
Moderator: Indrek Reiland (Vienna)

June 28th

10:15-12:00 Gilad Nir (Potsdam/Leipzig): “Disjunctivism about Inferring”
Moderator: Glenda Satne (Wollongong)

14:00-15:45 Maria van der Schaar (Leiden): “Frege on Inference”
Moderator: Colin Johnston (Stirling)

16:15-18:00 Markos Valaris (UNSW): “Guidance by Knowledge”
Moderator: Matthias Haase (Chicago)

June 29th

10:15-12:00 Ulf Hlobil (Concordia): “Two Kinds of Certainty in Reasoning”
Moderator: Eric Wiland (UMSL)

14:00-15:45 Natalia Waights Hickman (Oxford): “Normativity in reasoning: What Ryle’s ‘penseur’ is doing”
Moderator: David Horst (UFRGS)

16:15-18:00 Sebastian Rödl (Leipzig): “Knowledge of Reasons”
Moderator: Ladislav koren (Hradec Králové)

For more information and for the full program, please see